Peter Paul Rubens (Siegen (Duitsland), 28 June 1577 – Antwerpen, 30 May 1640), was a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasised movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well-known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar, art collector, and diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV, King of Spain, and Charles I, King of England.

Peter Paul Rubens (Siegen (Duitsland), 28 juni 1577 – Antwerpen, 30 mei 1640) was een Vlaamse barokschilder, tekenaar en diplomaat, werkzaam in Antwerpen. Hij wordt ook wel Pieter Paul, Pieter Pauwel of Petrus Paulus genoemd.